【英语语法分类汇总】一般过去时

时间:2012-12-29 来源:布莱恩教育集团 点击:  973次

 

一般过去时

  1)在确定的过去时间里所发生的动作或存在的状态。

  时间状语有:yesterday, last week, an hour ago, the other day, in 1982等。

  例:Where did you go just now?

  2)表示在过去一段时间内,经常性或习惯性的动作。

  例:When I was a child, I often played football in the street.
  Whenever the Browns went during their visit, they were given a warm welcome.

  3)句型:

  It is time for sb. to do sth 到……时间了,该……了
  It is time sb. did sth. 时间已迟了,早该……了

  例:It is time for you to go to bed. 你该睡觉了。
  It is time you went to bed. 你早该睡觉了。

  would (had) rather sb. did sth. 宁愿某人做某事

  例:I'd rather you came tomorrow.

  4)wish, wonder, think, hope 等用过去时,作试探性的询问、请求、建议等。

  例:I thought you might have some. 我以为你想要一些。

  【比较】

  一般过去时表示的动作或状态都已成为过去,现已不复存在。

  Christine was an invalid all her life.(含义:她已不在人间。)
  Christine has been an invalid all her life.(含义:她现在还活着。)

  Mrs. Darby lived in Kentucky for seven years.(含义:达比太太已不再住在肯塔基州。)
  Mrs. Darby has lived in Kentucky for seven years.(含义:现在还住在肯塔基州,有可能指刚离去。)

  注意:用过去时表现在,表示委婉语气。

  1)动词want, hope, wonder, think, intend 等。

  例:Did you want anything else?
  I wondered if you could help me.

  2)情态动词 could, would.

  例:Could you lend me your bike?